Michigan Sex Offenders Law protects the residents of Michigan from convicted sex offenders in the State. The law came about as an effort to protect against the increasing number of unchecked sex offenders in the state.
Michigan Sex Offender Law ensures that all sex offenders in the state registers with the local police. The law makes sure that convicted sex offenders in the state pose no risk to the public. The law places several restrictions on convicted sex offenders in Michigan. Sex offenders in the state cannot live, work or spend time in public places in Michigan. They are not allowed to borrow a car, leave the state or make any changes to their contact information without informing the police.
Since its creation in 1994, the Michigan sex offender’s law has been ammeded 6 times (1999, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2011 and 2013). The 2004 amendment made sure the photos and information of sex offenders in Michigan are available on the internet. The 2006 amendment restricts sex offenders from being 1000 ft close to child care facilities. The 2011 amendment classifies sex offenders in Michigan into 3 tiers:
Tier I Offenders (Low-risk offenders)
Tier II Offenders (Moderate-risk offenders)
Tier III Offenders (High-risk offenders)
This classification depends on the nature of the offense and determines the duration of registration.
The state’s police department controls Michigan Sex Offender Registry. The Registry is in charge of documenting information on sex offenders in the state.
Accosting, enticing or soliciting a child for immoral purpose - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.145a (West 2008).
Accosting, enticing or soliciting a child for an immoral purpose; prior conviction - MICH. COMP. LAWS
SERV. § 750.145b (West 2008).
Child sexually abusive activity or material; possession of child sexually abusive material - MICH. COMP.LAWS SERV. § 750.145c
Crime against nature or sodomy (if the victim is under 18) - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.158 (West 2008).
Indecent exposure (if that individual was previously convicted of indecent exposure) - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.335a(2)(b) (West 2008).
A third or subsequent violation of any combination of the following:
Indecent or obscene conduct in a public place - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.167(1)(f) (West 2008).
Indecent exposure - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.335a(2)(a) (West 2008).
A local ordinance of a municipality is substantially corresponding to a section described above.
Gross indecency; between male persons (where the victim is under 18, except for a juvenile disposition or adjudication) - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.338 (West 2008).
Gross indecency; female persons (where the victim is under 18, except for a juvenile disposition or adjudication) - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.338a (West 2008).
Gross indecency; between male and female persons (where the victim is under 18, except for a juvenile disposition or adjudication) - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.338b (West 2008).
Kidnapping (if the victim is less than 18 years of age) - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.349 (West 2008).
Leading, taking, carrying away, decoying, or enticing away a child under 14 - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.350 (West 2008).
Soliciting, accosting, or inviting to commit prostitution or immoral act (if the victim is less than 18 years of age) - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.448 (West 2008).
Pandering - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.455 (West 2008).
Criminal sexual conduct in the first degree - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.520b (West 2008).
Criminal sexual conduct in the second degree - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.520c (West 2008).
Criminal sexual conduct in the third degree - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.520d (West 2008).
Criminal sexual conduct in the fourth degree - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.520e (West 2008).
Assault with intent to commit criminal sexual conduct - MICH. COMP. LAWS SERV. § 750.520g (West 2008).
Any other violation of a law of this state or a local ordinance of a municipality that by its nature constitutes a sexual offense against an individual who is less than 18 years of age.
An offense committed by a person who was, at the time of the offense, a sexually delinquent person as defined in section 10a of the Michigan penal code.
An attempt or conspiracy to commit an offense described.
An offense is substantially similar to an offense listed above under a law of the United States, any state, or any country or tribal or military law.
An individual from another state who is required to register or otherwise be identified as a sex or child offender or predator under a comparable statute of that state.
M.C.L.A. § 28.727 (West 2008)
The individual's name, social security number, date of birth, and address or expected address. An individual who is in a witness protection and relocation program is only required to use the name and identifying information reflecting his or her new identity in a registration under this act. The registration and compilation databases shall not contain any information identifying the individual's prior identity or locale. The department shall request each to provide his or her date of birth if it is not included in the registration, and that individual shall comply with the request within 10 days.
A summary of the individual's convictions for listed offenses regardless of when the conviction occurred, including where the offense occurred and the original charge if the conviction was for a lesser offense.
A complete physical description of the individual.
The photograph required under section 5.
The individual's fingerprints if not already on file with the department.
Community Notification and Websites
M.C.L.A. § 28.730 (West 2008)
(2): A department post, local law enforcement agency or sheriff's department shall make information for the zip code areas located in whole or in part within the post's, agency's, or sheriff's department's jurisdiction available for public inspection during regular business hours.
• The department may make information available to the public through electronic, computerized, or other accessible means.
• The department shall provide for notification by electronic or computerized means to any member of the public who has subscribed in a manner required by the department when an individual initially registers under this act, or changes his or her registration under this act, to a location that is in a zip code area designated by the subscribing member of the public.
M.C.L.A. § 28.728 (West 2008)
(2) The department shall maintain a computerized database that consists of a compilation of individuals registered under this act.
The department shall make the compilation or information from the compilation available to a department post, local law enforcement agency, sheriff's department, and the public by electronic, computerized, or other similar means accessible to the post, agency, or sheriff's department.
Alternatively, other similar means shall provide for both a search by name and by zip code.
Limitations on Residency or Employment
M.C.L.A. §§ 28.733 & 27.734(West 2008)
Sex offenders may not work or loiter within a student safety zone.
M.C.L.A. § 28.725 (West 2008)
(7) 25 years from the date of initially registering or 10 years after release from incarceration, whichever is longer, for registrants not subject to lifetime registration.
(8) Life for registrants convicted of:
First-degree criminal sexual conduct;
Second-degree criminal sexual conduct with a person under 13;
Kidnapping a minor;
Enticing a child under 14;
Persuading, inducing, enticing, coercing, causing, or knowingly allowing a child to engage in a child sexually abusive activity to produce any child sexually abusive material; or
A second or subsequent registrable offense.
Registered before sentencing, updated upon release; within 14 days of residing in the state; 10 days of changing the address
Felony up to 4 years imprisonment and/or $2000 fine; probation/parole or youthful trainee status revoked.
Most people think sexual predators are scary-looking and creepy. But three out of four adolescents who were sexually assaulted were victimized by someone they knew well.
Most of the time, sexual predators look like regular people. Children and parents need to know and to understand that anyone can be a sexual predator, no matter how "normal" they appear.
It isn't always easy to build a trusting relationship with your child. Trying to get your children to share what is going on in their lives can be difficult.
Building an open and welcoming environment from the beginning stages of a child's life is essential. Children are less intimidated and more likely to discuss issues and topics in their lives with an open and supportive environment.
Getting your kids to share serves as a building block for times when your child needs to discuss pressing issues like sex and sexual abuse.
KidsLiveSafe put together a comprehensive parents guide about sexual predators and keeping children safe. This free online eBook includes vital statistics, how to tell if a predator is victimizing a child, and social media and cyber-bullying.